The idea of tooth extraction isn’t attractive for a few reasons. One, the painful process of removal, healing and two; the possibility of a tooth-sized gap between teeth. Fortunately, prosthodontic dentistry has come a long way. Instruments such as Osteotomes, offer the operator and the patient permanent alternatives to gap-between-the teeth. Various systems are in place that prove useful in maintaining the longevity of natural teeth or adding prosthetics to perform similar functions.

Surgical tools in Implantology

Implantology is a science that deals with the process of planting artificial/prosthetic teeth in the oral cavity. Surgical instruments play a vital role in the procedure. The treatment begins with an atraumatic extraction. Infected extraction sites are difficult to implant on. Therefore, the right removal technique coupled with premium-grade German-forged instruments is a necessity. The process begins with the use of dental explorer tools to determine whether a site is viable for an implant.

This is possible after an atraumatic extraction using instruments like:

  • Anglevators
  • Periotomes
  • Chisels
  • Dental extraction forceps
  • Elevators

What are Osteotomes?

These are surgical tools useful in manipulating the structure of the extraction site for permanent prosthetic placement. The shank-like stainless steel apparatus is instrumental in bone cutting/deforming to create the perfect cavity for an artificial tooth placement.

This is a wedge-like tool available in a series of variations to deform or compress bone structure. The versatility of this instrument provides prosthodontists with a complete range of movement and manipulation in the oral cavity. As such implants are successfully installed and can function like real teeth.

Types and descriptions

The human mouth is a complex system of teeth, bone tissue, and blood vessels. Each quadrant of the mouth poses distinct complications especially in terms of accessibility. To counteract this condition, surgical instruments are multi-purpose or available in multiple variations.

Osteotomes short straight handle convex

This variation is further divided into different sizes. However, the primary function of this type is to lift the sinus lining away from the bone cavity. A surgeon uses this tool to expose the cavity to place the bone-graft materials.

It is useful in increasing bone volume before a dentist places the prosthetic in. The sharp tip can cut different lengths and thicknesses of tissues to accommodate the grafting accessories. This metal instrument has a straight handle with a convex pattern to promote ergonomic movement during bone compression and contouring procedures. The straight handle is useful in accessing lower placements effectively.

Short offset Handle Convex

This short offset variation is useful in compressing and condensing bone during implantation procedures. This tool is available in a series of measurements. For instance, you can find a 0.38mm (8-10-13-15-18mm) configuration, a 3.0mm convex variation, a 2.5mm variation, a 1.8mm configuration, and more for effective surgical processes. The distinct tip variations are instrumental in creating the perfect structure to grip the bone graft. The short-off-set handle provides the surgeon with close engagement with the cavity they are treating.

Jovanovic 6mm

The unique tapered working end of this instrument gives the surgeon enhanced precision over bone cutting/division. The serrations along the shank are ideal for a firm grip due to the sharp features of the working end. This is a durable and reusable instrument given that the right care is administered after procedures. You can find a range of sizes in this tool to better access certain regions of the oral cavity.


Multiple size variations of these curved Osteotomes have a curved handle. These are ideal for dental preparation before the implantation procedure begins. Getting the curve of the dental socket correct and preparing the jaw for dental root insertion is easier with this variation. The curve of the working end helps reach the curve of the socket without damaging tissue and gum in the process.

Ridge Spreader

The ridge spreader is useful in bone spreading for fixture implantation. The defining features of this tool are the single-cut design, several size variations, and ergonomic handles with multiple patterns for improved functionality.

End Note: 

More often than not, the quality of surgery is affected by the instruments used to perform the surgery. A recent study by Tim Kraft, PD Dr. Dr, suggests that the correctness of the technique during implants affects the overall outcome. As such it is crucial to hold your manufacturer and supplier to high standards. You can evaluate the viability of a manufacturer by their experience, their compliance with quality standards, and FDA regulations. In addition to this, the possibility of repairs, warranty against manufacturing defects, and direct shipping distribution are attractive qualities.

At GerDentUSA. We understand the responsibility of designing ergonomic, medical-grade instruments that improve technique in the operating room. From curating precise Osteotomes to tissue punches, we have the complete range of implantation instrumentation.