When trading stocks, it is essential to understand the available stock order types. Different orders will provide different advantages and disadvantages, depending on one’s particular investment goals. This article will discuss the different stock order types and their uses in investing. 

Market orders

The first type of order is a market order. This type of order enables a trader to buy or sell a stock at its current market price. Market orders offer quick execution, but there is no certainty that the desired trade will be executed; investors may end up paying more or receiving less than they intended due to changes in price before the order is filled. Therefore, when placing a market order, investors should use limit orders to ensure they get the best possible execution.

Limit orders

A limit order is a trading instruction to trade a stock at a specified price or higher (for buying) or lower (for selling). It allows traders to set their prices and ensures that the desired trade will be executed. Additionally, limit orders can help protect investors from sudden market movements, as trades will not occur outside the established limits. 

Stop-loss orders

Stop-loss orders are used to limit losses on existing positions should the price of a security move against them. They are placed in anticipation of a specific price point being reached. At this time, the order will automatically be triggered, and the position will close out for either a gain or loss, depending on the direction of the trade.

Stop-limit orders

Stop-limit orders are almost like stop-loss orders but provide a layer of protection by adding a limit price on top of the stop order. This type of order allows traders to specify both a stop and limit price, ensuring that trades will only be executed at or better than the specified limit price. 

Fill or kill orders

A Fill or Kill (FOK) order is designed to immediately fill an entire order, or it will be cancelled entirely if even one share cannot be filled. FOK orders are typically used when speed is of the utmost importance, as there is no guarantee that any portion of the order will be filled unless all shares can be acquired.

All or none orders

An All or None (AON) order is an instruction to only execute a trade if the total size of the order can be filled. AON orders are often used when larger trades need to be executed, as it will ensure that all shares in the order are acquired at once and at a potentially favourable price. 

These are five common stock order types that traders can use to manage their positions in the market. Each type provides different advantages and disadvantages for investors depending on their individual needs. Therefore, it is essential to understand how each type works before making any trading decisions. With this trading knowledge, investors can make informed decisions about which order type best suits their specific investment goals. 

What are the drawbacks of using stock orders?

Although stock orders can help investors execute their trades quickly and efficiently, there are some drawbacks associated with using them. First, market orders do not guarantee that the desired trade will be executed since prices can fluctuate before the order is filled. 

Additionally, stop-loss and limit orders may only be triggered if the price of a stock reaches or is within the predefined levels. Finally, Fill or Kill and All or None orders require greater liquidity to be filled; if these conditions cannot be met, then the order will not be executed. 


Stock order types provide different advantages and disadvantages for investors depending on their individual investment goals. Understanding how each type works is essential for making informed trading decisions. With the proper knowledge, investors can use stock orders to manage their positions in the market and ensure that they get the best possible execution. 

Investors should combine different types of orders when needed to further protect against losses or missed opportunities. By doing so, investors can maximise their advantages while minimising potential drawbacks using stock orders.